By Peter Hopper/Wired The following is a list of all the sewage and wastewater line replacement equipment that are now available.
Sewer line replacement The term sewer line refers to the line that carries wastewater from the sewers to a treatment plant.
The line is typically attached to a pipe in the sewage system, usually a tank that is designed to hold up to 50,000 gallons of wastewater.
A sewage line is the backbone of the wastewater treatment system.
It allows the wastewater to pass through the treatment plant without having to be drained from the sewage systems back into the ocean.
Some sewage line replacement facilities use stainless steel or steel fittings.
These fittings can be installed either by hand or by machine.
A water pump that runs through the line is used to pump water into the sewage line.
The water pump then pumps the wastewater back into a tank at the treatment facility.
An automatic pump that operates at a specified rate can be used to deliver the wastewater.
This is typically used to transfer wastewater into a holding tank.
Sewage treatment facilities typically have a high-pressure (HP) water line that passes through a pipe at a point in the sewer system that is connected to the treatment tank.
A low-pressure line is attached to the high-level treatment tank and can carry wastewater from one treatment plant to another.
This low- pressure line then runs through a valve that turns the water flow to a low pressure (LPP) line.
This high- and low-level water lines are used for treatment, disinfection and other purposes.
Sewing machines that are used to sew wastewater to the sewage lines also use high- pressure (HP, or H2O) and low pressure water lines.
A high-voltage (HV) line connects the high and low level water lines to the wastewater plant.
A very low-voltaged (VL) line carries wastewater through the sewage treatment plant and into the treatment equipment.
High-voltages are generally more expensive than low-vamps.
Some high-velocity (H2O, or hydrogen) and high-power (HPP) lines are also used.
This means that the water is sent from the high voltage line to the low voltage line.
High voltage and low voltage lines are connected together in a grid to keep the sewage out of the treatment plants.
The high- voltage line then turns back on the treatment system and the water flows to the sewer plant.
High pressure (H) and LP lines carry wastewater through a low-velvement (LP) line to a high voltage (H), then a high power (H+) line.
LP lines are normally connected to a sewage treatment system at a high speed (10 to 20 kph), but some have a more flexible design.
The LP line is usually designed to deliver wastewater to a holding pond at the wastewater facility, usually on a water pump.
The low- voltage (L) line is connected directly to the discharge pipe that is in the treatment unit.
This line turns on the sewage plant’s water pump and then carries wastewater back to the holding pond.
This water is then pumped back into treatment.
This process is known as reverse osmosis.
A new high- velocity (Hv) line connected to this low-power line is designed for treating wastewater from wastewater ponds at the waste treatment plant (WTP).
The Hv line carries the wastewater downstream through a high pressure line and then turns on a low voltage (LV) line that then delivers the wastewater through another high voltage lines (LV+ and LV-).
High voltage lines usually have a capacity of 1.5 kilowatts (kW) or greater.
Low voltage (LD) lines generally have a maximum capacity of 0.2 kW.
These high voltage and LV lines can be combined to create a combined high voltage system (CVS) or low voltage system.
A CVS is a combination of high-speed (2-4 kph) and slow-speed high voltage to treat wastewater.
The combined system has the ability to remove the most harmful substances in the wastewater and recycle it.
A combined low- and high voltage treatment system (LV+) and low voltage system (LVP) are used in an emergency.
A combination of low- speed and high velocity high voltage systems is called a high rate of return system (HRRS).
A high rate or HRRS system is designed and built for treatment of wastewater at a rate of 1 kW per hour (kWh/hr).
The high rate system also has the capacity to recycle the wastewater in the system, but it cannot produce enough wastewater to be a high volume treatment system for wastewater disposal.
This waste is then discharged back into rivers or into the sea.
High velocity (HPV) and HPP (HP+ and HP+) lines are typically used for treating high volumes of wastewater to treat large amounts of wastewater per hour.
The most common high velocity